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Rowanfield Infant



We follow thePrimary National Curriculum for Geography in England


Geography is about understanding the world by providing children with knowledge of diverse places and people; comparing locations and resources; investigating natural and human environments; researching different sources; writing and talking about places; asking and answering questions. Curiosity is the bedrock of how we teach Geography at Rowanfield Infant School. Our pupils develop an understanding of the principles of both physical and human geography and the formation and use of landscapes and environments whilst developing that all important fascination about the world and its people. As children’s knowledge develops, they can explain how the Earth’s features are interconnected and have changed over time. 


Geography Statement of Intent

Geography is an opportunity to broaden pupils’ horizons and spark pupils’ curiosity about a diverse range of places and people. Great Geography teaching allows our pupils to develop a sense of place, an understanding of localities and regions as well as a global perspective. Pupils at Rowanfield will appreciate the world on both a local and a global scale as they explore human and physical geography (both terrestrial and marine) as well as developing their understanding of different cultures. 

We want children to understand how the world has changed over time, both in terms of physical processes but also how human interaction with our planet has impacted on our environments. Your child will develop an awareness of the wider world and their place within it and be encouraged to take an active role to make our planet more sustainable. We want our children to become passionate about the planet and become actively involved in protecting the environment. 

We want our children to acquire a range of geographical skills including: 

  • Collecting and analysing data using fieldwork to deepen their understanding of geographical processes.
  • Interpreting geographical information such as maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS).
  • The ability to communicate geographical information in a variety of ways for examples using maps, diagrams and writing at length.


Our curriculum follows a clear progression of skills which is progressively more challenging through Years 1 to 6. Teachers make meaningful links between Geography and other subjects, to ensure an interconnected approach to learning. 


Geography Curriculum Overview


For more information about the History curriculum click here.

What does it mean in our school to be a geographer?

Geography in the Early Years

The early learning goals in the Early Years Foundation Stage aim to guide your child into make sense of their physical world and their community by exploring, observing, and finding out about people, places, technology and the environment. It may seem strange to think about your 4 or 5 year old child as a geographer. However, the years from birth to age five provide a first opportunity to see how your child interacts with their environment and how the environment influences them.  They will develop an understanding of similarities and differences between life in this country and life in other countries; the natural world and contrasting environments; as well as understanding processes and changes in the world around them such as seasons. 

Geography in Key Stage 1

Geographical vocabulary is a major focus in Years 1 and 2 as the children begin to develop their knowledge of the United Kingdom and where they live. They begin to understand the concepts of physical and human geography using first hand observation to develop their skills. They will learn: 

  • Locational knowledge: Continents, seas and the countries/capitals of the United Kingdom.
  • Place knowledge: develop an understanding of where they live and compare this to another local area and contrast it to somewhere outside of Europe.
  • Human and physical geography: identify seasons/weather patterns and hot and cold areas of the World; understand key physical features such as a beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, valley, soil, vegetation, season and weather; understand key human features such as city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop.
  • Geographical skills and fieldwork: using world maps, atlases and globes; use simple compass directions; recognise landmarks on aerial photos and use basic maps; use simple fieldwork and observation skills to study the school and its grounds identifying key physical and human features.

Supporting Your Child at Home

When out and about in your local area.

You can help your child geographically by chatting about local physical features, attractions and activities. You might even like to develop this idea by asking them to provide a tourist guide for their local area for visiting relatives. 


On a journey, you can share the road map or map phone app .

With your son or daughter so they can follow the route while you talk about where you are going. Alternatively, ask them to draw a map of their journey to school or the local shop, including any natural or man-made features along the way. 


Holidays are an ideal opportunity to compare the location.

With their home area — you might ask your child to talk through five similarities and differences, for example. Holidays also provide an opportunity for a museum visit or a trip to a tourist attraction. 


Closer to home, use anything at your disposal! 

Magazines, TV, films and even some computer games can provide your child with a view of distant places. They enable your child to be transported instantly to another place. Prompt their thinking with questions, such as: What might the weather be like in this place? Why might the road have been built where it is? The list of questions is endless and will lead to all sorts of discussions which will really help to develop curiosity about and understanding of the world. 


Watch a weather forecast with your child and discuss, decide on a holiday location and discuss how to get there.

Your daily life constantly provides you with rich geographical experiences, information and understanding. Here are some websites you could use to support your child further at home. 

Key Links


BBC Bitesize 

National Geographic Society​ 


National Geographic Kids